* According to American Psychiatric Association. (2000)
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association
The symptoms are similar in both adults and youth. Some anxiety symptoms are particularly common in youth. These symptoms include worry in general, but particularly worry about what others think of them, fear in social situations, and anxiety about past imperfections.
These symptoms can all have an impact on school achievement. Some may result in disciplinary responses. Teachers may also notice that a student chooses topics such as depression, suicide or self-injury to write about in health or social science classes or as the subject for creative writing or art.
* According to Kelly, CM., Kitchner, B.A., & Jorm, A.F. (2010)
Youth Mental Health First Aid: A manual for adults assisting young people. 2nd ed. Melbourne, Australia: Orygen Youth Health Research Centre
If a young person is clinically depressed, they would have five or more of these symptoms (including at least one of the first two general symptoms) nearly everyday for at least two weeks.
Many major symptoms of depression in youth and adults are also symptoms of depression in very young children. Children younger than age 12 with depression may show aggressive behaviors, be more fearful of new people and challenges, or show delays or regression in important developmental milestones